Palladium Crystallization at 300K
To Buckle or Not to Buckle
Testing the stability of cylindrical tube made from 15,360 hexagonally packed magnetic balls (192 rings, each made up of 80 balls). A high-speed camera recording reveals crumpling at the base of the cylindrical tube, reminiscent of paper-like crumpling, when it loses stability from shaking.
The mechanophore glows more intensely as the stretching increases.
The polymer material is stretched with an increasing force resulting in a corresponding brighter emission of light from the mechanophore (here under UV light and with false colors). The graph shows the intensity of the emitted light following punctual increases in the stretching force applied to the polymer.
Math Meets Art: Möbius Kaleidocycles
Dr. Johannes Schönke and Prof. Eliot Fried of the OIST Mathematics, Mechanics, and Materials Unit have introduced a new class of kaleidocycles into the world. They call them Möbius Kaleidocycles because they resemble the famous Möbius band, a geometrical object with a characteristic topology. These mystifying objects can be turned inside-out continuously and have unique mathematical properties. While classical kaleidocycles typically have six hinges, the new class of kaleidocycles can have seven or more. Not only are these objects beautiful to see, but they could also have very practical applications in a variety of fields.
OIST Study Uncovers Neural Roots of Parkinson's Disease
OIST scientists have gained new insight into the abnormal brain activity underlying Parkinson’s disease. In a mouse model of the disease, the scientists observed that one group of neurons in a particular brain region--the striatum–fire in sync and dominate the overall activity of that region. When striatal neurons are stimulated continuously, they exhibit this abnormal behavior. By stimulating the neurons in precise pulses, the researchers observed that the neurons returned to their normal activity pattern, with groups of cells firing in turn.