Dr. Gerald Pao worked originally on the molecular evolution of proteins from a structural and computational perspective as an undergraduate at the University of California, San Diego working with Milton H. Saier, Joseph Kraut, Flossie Wong-Staal, Russell F Doolittle and Tony Hunter. From there he went on to be mainly an experimentalist to study the epigenetics of cancer and stem cells and the development of viral vectors for basic science at the Salk institute during his PhD and postdoc with Inder M Verma. Work on stem cells led him to study the axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) salamander during limb regeneration at the Salk Institute and UC Irvine with David Gardiner and Tony Hunter. This was followed by a change of field through a postdoctoral training period in applied mathematics and data science specializing in nonlinear dynamics at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) in the climate atmospheric sciences and physical oceanography (CASPO) department with George Sugihara. After becoming a staff scientist at the Salk institute, he continued work on nonlinear dynamics mainly on causal inference in systems neuroscience and systems biology. He was also a visiting scientist at the National Institute of Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) of the Japanese Ministry of Economy Trade and Industry (METI) in the Information Technology Reseach Institute (ITRI) and the Artificial Intelligence Research Center (AIRC) to make the computational methods in empiric dynamic modeling suitable for Big Data and high performance computing (HPC) using Japan’s second fastest supercomputer ABCI. In addition to this work Dr. Pao identified, cloned and developed cephalopod reflectin proteins from various squid species for the manipulation of the optical refractive index in vivo in mammals. Before joining OIST he had a two year stint in industry as a research director for high throughput screening data science and gene therapy at Vertex pharmaceuticals, a Fortune 500 company.