変化する世界の環境保全政策をどのように設計し、評価するか?

パヤル・シャー博士は、経済理論に統計的手法や生態学、または生物地理学のツールを組み合わせて、生物多様性や生態系の保全政策の効果を評価し、気候変動対策のに最適な戦略を策定しています。気候変動は、種の多様性や生態系サービスを脅かし、将来の保全成果の空間パターンに不確実な変化をもたらします。そして、この不確実性のために、保全や土地管理の標準的なパラダイムを適用することが難しくなっています。シャー博士の研究は、気候の不確実性がもたらす空間的・時間的なリスクを効果的に管理するための新たな手法を開発し、さまざまな生態系環境における保全および適応計画の決定を導くものです。

Photo Credit: Neil Palmer/CIAT

 

プロジェクト協力団体・個人

· Fumiko Ishihama, Senior Researcher, Center for Environmental Biology and Ecosystem Studies, National Institute for Environmental Studies

· Rintaro Yamaguchi, Researcher, Center for Social and Environmental Systems Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies

· Amy Ando, Professor, Agricultural and Consumer Economics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

· Glenn Guntenspergen, Research Ecologist, United States Geological Survey

· Kathy Baylis, Professor, Department of Geography, University of California, Santa Barbara

· Jonah Busch, Chief Economist, Earth Innovation Institute

· Charles Sims, Associate Professor, Department of Economics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

· Valentin Popov, Lecturer, Center for Research into Ecological and Environmental Modelling, University of St. Andrews

· Jonathan Rhodes, Professor, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Queensland

· Rebecca Runting, Lecturer, School of Geography, The University of Melbourne

· Evan Economo, Professor, Biodiversity and Biocomplexity Unit, OIST Graduate University

· Satoshi Mitarai, Associate Professor, Marine Biophysics Unit, OIST Graduate University

 

プロジェクトの関連出版物

· Shah, Payal and Baylis, Kathy. 2015. Evaluating the Impact of Protection on Deforestation in Indonesia between 2000 and 2010 using Remote Sensing Data. PLoS ONE 10(6): e0124872. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0124872

· Shah, Payal and Ando, Amy W. 2015. Downside vs. symmetric risk in natural resource portfolio design to manage climate-change uncertainty. Land Economics, 91(4), 664-687.

· Shah, Payal and Ando, Amy W. 2016. Permanent and Temporary Policy Incentives for Conservation under Stochastic Returns from Competing Land Uses. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, p.aaw032.

· Shah, Payal, Mallory, Mindy, Ando, Amy W., and Guntenspergen, Glenn. 2016. Fine‐resolution conservation planning with limited climate‐change information. Conservation Biology.

· Schwanitz, Valeria Jana, Wierling, August and Shah, Payal. 2017. Assessing the Impact of Renewable Energy on Regional Sustainability—A Comparative Study of Sogn og Fjordane (Norway) and Okinawa (Japan). Sustainability, 9(11), p.1969.

· Shah, Payal, Dissanayake, Sahan, T. M., Fujita, Yoko and Nunes, Paulo, A.D. 2019. Impact of a local, coastal community based management regime when defining marine protected areas: Empirical results from a study in Okinawa, Japan. PLOS One. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0213354

· Yamaguchi, Rintaro and Shah, Payal. 2020. Spatial Discounting of Ecosystem Services. Resource and Energy Economics, 101186.

· Shah, Payal, Baylis, Kathy, Busch, Jonah and Engelmann, Jens. What determines the effectiveness of national protected area networks? In review

· Popov, Valentin, Shah, Payal, Runting, Rebecca and Rhodes, Jonathan. Managing risk and uncertainty in systematic conservation planning with insufficient information. In review

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